Metana etan propan butan pentan heksana heptan oktan nonana decan
Start studying O Chem Ch. 10. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Ethane Propane Butane Pentane Hexane Heptane Octane Nonane Decane. Methane. 1 Carbon 4 Hydrogen. Ethane. 2 Carbon 6 Hydrogen. Methane becomes a methyl groupAll six hydrogens on ethane are equivalent.Kekule structure Bondline structure: Ball and stick model: Space filling model metana etan propan butan pentan heksana heptan oktan nonana decan
The first four alkanes are methane (CH4), ethane (C2H6), propane (C3H8) and butane (C4H10). The simplest alkane is the gas methane, whose molecular formula is CH4. Methane exists as a tetrahedral shape, but it is often represented by a flattened structure as are most organic compounds.
hexane and octane is easier to separate than hexane and heptane because the difference in their boiling points is greater thus hexane will distill out of solution Methane Ethane Propane Butane Pentane Hexane Heptane Octane Nonane Decane Ether Aldehyde Ester Alcohol Halide Carboxylic Acid Ketone Amine Amino Acid AP Chemistry Organic Flashcards Page 1a metana etan propan butan pentan heksana heptan oktan nonana decan pentane (5 carbons)C5H12; hexane (6 carbons)C6H14; heptane (7 carbons)C7H16; octane (8 carbons)C8H18; nonane (9 carbons)C9H20; decane (10 carbons)C10H22; The suffixis on the first four are from an obscure system but you should be familiar with the rest. Propane and butane are gases at standard temperature and pressure and are used commonly in lighters. Pentane on down the list are
The octane number is a measure of performance of a fuel. It is measured relative to pure isooctane which is given an arbitrary value of 100. It is possible for fuels to have an octane number metana etan propan butan pentan heksana heptan oktan nonana decan Start studying Alkanes. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Illustrated Glossary of Organic Chemistry Pentane: An alkane of molecular formula C 5 H 12. When unbranched it is called n pentane. also known as isooctane or isooctane, is an organic compound with the formula (CH 3) 3 CCH 2 CH(CH 3) 2. It is one of several isomers of octane (C 8 H 18). This particular isomer is the standard 100 point on the octane rating scale (the zero point is nheptane). Aug 28, 2007 Just in case you don't know, nomenclature means the way chemical names are generated from latin prefixes and suffixes. For hydrocarbons there is methane, ethane, propane, butane, pentane, hexane, heptane, octane, nonane, decane, monodecane, doedecane, tridecane, tetradecane, pentadecane, hexadecane, heptadecane, octidecane, nonidecane just what names would come next?Rating: 4.87 / Views: 395